The 1st separate guards motorized rifle Kalinkovichi twice the Red Banner of the Orders of Suvorov and Kutuzov brigade - the military unit of the USSR Armed Forces, which took part in the Great Patriotic War, was part of the 1st Guards Tank Order of the Don Lenin of the Red Banner Order of the Suvorov Corps.
Conditional name - military unit field mail (military unit) No. 18905
Short name - 1 Guards. Omsbr.
The brigade traces its history to the 14th motorized rifle brigade formed on the basis of the directive of the USSR NPO No. 724986 of May 14, 1942. The formation of the brigade took place in the Vladimir village of Moscow (the modern district of Perovo) from May 17 to June 15, 1942.
During its existence under the previous name, the brigade took part in such battles of the Great Patriotic War as the Battle of Stalingrad, battles in the Rostov and Kharkov regions.
For the high military merits of the 14th motorized rifle brigade and worthy combat training, for the courage and heroism of the personnel, on the basis of the order of the USSR NCO No. 380 of December 8, 1942, the GShKA directive No. 36611 of December 18, 1942, was assigned the status of Guards.
Period of entry into the army: December 8, 1942 - April 2, 1943, June 10, 1943 - August 11, 1943, October 24, 1943 - May 12, 1944, June 10, 1944 - May 9, 1945.
The brigade’s combat path traveled during this time is Kalach-on-Don (December 1942), the village of Oblivskaya (December 1942), the village of Sinelnikovo, Pavlograd, Chuguev, a meeting with the 3rd SS Panzer Division “Dead Head” (February — March 1943) , Oryol region Zalegoshchinsky district (July 1943), Gomel region, Rechitsa and Svetlogorsk districts, liberation of the city of Rechitsa (November – December 1943), Gomel region Kalinkovichi and October districts, the liberation of Kalinkovichi (January – February 1944), Mogilyov region, Bykhovsky region ( Krasnitsa), Bobruisk district and liberation ix Bobruisk (March-June 1944), Minsk region, participated in the liberation of Minsk (July 1944) Nesvizh, Slonim, Brest, (August 1944), Warsaw (Poland), Narevskogo bridgehead (September-November 1944), and so on.
On July 14, 1945, on the basis of the order of the NPO of the USSR No. 0013 of June 10, 1945 and the order of the Commander of the Group of Soviet Occupation Forces in Germany No. 008 of July 5, 1945, the brigade was transformed into the 1st Guards Motorized Rifle Kalinkovichi twice Red Banner Order of the Suvorov and Kutuzov Regiment 1st Guards Tank Don Order of Lenin of the Red Banner, Order of the Suvorov Division (military unit No. 06680), with the city of Neuruppin stationed in it.
On February 4, 1947, the 1st Guards Motorized Rifle Kalinkovichi twice Red Banner Orders of the Suvorov and Kutuzov Regiment was disbanded.
Office of the brigade (state No. 010/370)
1st Motorized Rifle Battalion (state No. 010/371)
2nd Motorized Rifle Battalion (state No. 010/371)
3rd motorized rifle battalion (state No. 010/371)
Mortar Battalion (state No. 010/372)
Artillery Division (state number 010/373)
Anti-aircraft artillery division (state number 010/374)
Rota PTR (state number 010/375)
Company of machine gunners (state No. 010/376)
Reconnaissance company (state No. 010/377)
Company management (state number 10/378)
Technical Support Company (state No. 010/379)
Health platoon (state number 010/380)
In 1943 it was transferred to new states:
Office of the brigade (state number 010/420)
1st Motorized Rifle Battalion (state No. 010/421)
2nd Motorized Rifle Battalion (state No. 010/421)
3rd motorized rifle battalion (state No. 010/421)
Mortar Battalion (state No. 010/422)
Artillery Division (state number 010/423)
Rota PTR (state number 010/424)
Company of machine gunners (state number 010/425)
Reconnaissance company (state No. 010/426)
Company management (state number 010/427)
Technical Support Company (state No. 010/428)
Mining Engineering Company (state No. 010/429)
Automobile company (state No. 010/430)
Health platoon (state number 010/431)
Anti-aircraft machine gun company (state number 010/451)